Principles of Conflict Resolution
The tendency in a conflict situation is to react immediately. After all, if we
do not react we may lose our opportunity. In order to resolve conflict
successfully it is important to think before we react--consider the options,
weigh the possibilities. The same reaction is not appropriate for every
2. Listen Actively
Listening is the most important part of communication. If we do not hear what
the other parties are communicating we can not resolve a conflict. Active
listening means not only listening to what another person is saying with words,
but also to what is said by intonation and body language. The active listening
process also involves letting the speaker know that he or she has been heard.
For example, "What I heard you say is......"
3. Assure a Fair Process
The process for resolving a conflict is often as critical as the conflict
itself. It is important to assure that the resolution method chosen as well as
the process for affect- ing that method is fair to all parties to the conflict.
Even the perception of unfairness can destroy the resolution.
4. Attack the Problem
Conflict is very emotional. When emotions are high it is much easier to begin
attacking the person on the other side than it is to solve the problem. The only
way conflicts get resolved is when we attack the problem and not each other.
What is the problem that lies behind the emotion? What are the causes instead of
5. Accept Responsibility
Every conflict has may sides and there is enough responsi- bility for everyone.
Attempting to place blame only creates resentment and anger that heightens any
existing conflict. In order to resolve a conflict we must accept our share of
the responsibility and eliminate the concept of blame.
6. Use Direct Communication
Say what we mean and mean what we say. Avoid hiding the ball by talking around a
problem. The best way to accomp- lish this is to use "I-Messages". With an
"I-Message" we express our own wants, needs or concerns to the listener.
"I-Messages" are clear and non-threatening way of telling others what we want
and how we feel. A "you-message" blames or criticizes the listener. It suggests
that she or he is at fault.
7. Look for Interests
Positions are usually easy to understand because we are taught to verbalize what
we want. However, if we are going to resolve conflict successfully we must
uncover why we want something and what is really important about the issue in
conflict. Remember to look for the true interests of the all the parties to the
8. Focus on the Future
In order to understand the conflict, it is important to under- stand the
dynamics of the relationship including the history of the relationship. However,
in order to resolve the conflict we must focus on the future. What do we want to
do differently tomorrow?
9. Options for Mutual Gain
Look for ways to assure that we are all better off tomorrow than we are today.
Our gain at the expense of someone else only prolongs conflict and prevents